305MC: Power 1

power-1 (Presentation)

Reading

  • Foucault and Feminism: power, gender and the self
  • Lois, McNay
  • Cambridge: Polity Press 1992
  • (305.42 MCN )

hook-2001-discourseknowledge

michel-foucault-powerknowledge-selected-interviews-and-other-writings-19721977-2

After this session you will know:

  • – How subjects are produced in this clip
  • – How surveillance work in this clip
  • – How power work in this clip
  • – How these aspects are intertwined

1) Marxism and Materialism 2) Foucault and Genealogy 3) Foucault and Discourse/Power 4) Foucault and Subjectivity/Surveillance

“THE WHOLE SOCIETY MUST FALL INTO TWO CLASSES – THE PROPERTY OWNERS AND THE PROPERTYLESS WORKERS / CAPITALISM, AND THE COMPETITION ENTAILED, FORCED THE MEMBERS OF THE SOCIETY INTO TWO GROUPS: WORKERS (THE PROLETARIAT) AND THE CAPITALISTS (THE BOURGEOISIE)” – (Marx-Engels Reader, 1978)

“WHERE MACHINES OR COMPUTER DO MOST OF THE PRODUCTIVE WORK, THE STANDARD MEASURE OF VALUE FOR THE WORK CARRIED OUT BY THE ACTUAL WORKFORCE IS LOST. MARX PREDICTS THIS LEADS TO WIDESPREAD SOCIAL DISRUPTION AND CLASS STRUGGLE.” – (McRobbie 2010, p62)

“THE SUM TOTAL OF THESE MATERIAL RELATIONS OF PRODUCTION CONSTITUTES THE ECONOMIC STRUCTURE OF THE SOCIETY, THE REAL FOUNDATION, ON WHICH RISES LEGAL AND POLITICAL SUPERSTRUCTURE AND TO WHICH CORRESPOND DEFINITE FORMS OF SOCIAL CONSCIOUSNESS” – (Marx-Engels Reader, 1978)

POWER AS:

  • – Top-down
  • – Restriction
  • – Oppression
  • – Black and White
  • – Located on specific space

“THIS IS WHAT I WOULD CALL GENEALOGY, THAT IS A FORM OF HISTORY WHICH CAN ACCOUNT FOR THE CONSTITUTION OF KNOWLEDGES, DISCOURSES, DOMAIN OF OBJECT ETC.” – Foucault, 1988, p. 117

“THOUGHT [OR TRUTH]… IS NOT, THEN, TO BE SOUGHT ONLY IN THEORETICAL FORMATIONS AS THOSE OF PHILOSOPHY AND SCIENCE, IT CAN AND MUST BE ANALYSED MANNER OF SPEAKING, DOING OR BEHAVING” – Foucault, 1984 p.335-336

“THERE CAN BE NO POSSIBLE EXERCISE OF POWER WITHOUT A CERTAIN ECONOMY OF DISCOURSES OF TRUTH WHICH OPERATES THROUGH AND ON THE BASIS OF THIS ASSOCIATION. WE ARE SUBJECTED TO THE PRODUCTION OF TRUTH THROUGH POWER AND WE CANNOT EXERCISE POWER EXCEPT THROUGH THE PRODUCTION OF TRUTH.” – Foucault, 1988 p. 93

“POWER IS EMPLOYED THROUGH A NET-LIKE ORGANISATION. AND NOT ONLY DO INDIVIDUALS CIRCULATE BETWEEN ITS THREADS; THEY ARE ALWAYS IN THE POSITION OF SIMULTANEOUSLY UNDERGOING AND EXERCISING THIS POWER. … IN OTHER WORDS INDIVIDUALS ARE THE VEHICLES OF POWER, NOT ITS POINTS OF APPLICATION” -. Foucault, 1984, p. 98.

Foucault takes subjectivity to be something

  • 1) Constituted and specifically something historically constituted;
  • 2) He associates subjectivity with “a reality ontologically distinct from the body;
  • 3) This however is a form, rather than a substance;
  • 4) Lastly, the subject for Foucault is constituted through practices.

 

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